1 John study – chapter 1

These next few posts will be of the materials I’m developing for a study of 1 John, the little epistle towards the back of the Bible. We’ll be looking at how to break them down, and hopefully by looking at their structure, we can gain a more in-depth understanding of their content, and what that means to our own lives.

If you’re in the Warden, WA area, we’d love to have to join us Wednesday evenings at 6:00pm for Bible study.

The point of this style of study is to see how the original text is broken down. We’re paying special attention to punctuation (it may not have been present in the original, but it *is* present in the Greek New Testament, 4th Revised Edition). We’re also paying special attention to the word “kai”, which means “and” – we’re using it as a break point, as well as a few prepositions.

What I’ll be having the class do is: look at the structure of the verse, and look at where “AND” occurs, where punctuation occurs, and where prepositions occur. Once we’ve been able to determine the flow of each sentence, we’ll start asking questions like: what does working with the text in this way show me? What words stand out that I wouldn’t have noticed before? What’s the central point of this sentence?

1 John 1:1-3a

Ὃ ἦν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς,
that which was in the beginning
ὃ ἀκηκόαμεν,
that we heard
ὃ ἑωράκαμεν τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς ἡμῶν,
that we saw with our own eyes
ὃ ἐθεασάμεθα
that we looked at
καὶ αἱ χεῖρες ἡμῶν ἐψηλάφησαν,
and with hands our touched
περὶ τοῦ λόγου τῆς ζωῆς –
all about the word of life –
2 καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἐφανερώθη,
and the life made real and known
καὶ ἑωράκαμεν
and we have seen
καὶ μαρτυροῦμεν
and we have testified
καὶ ἀπαγγέλλομεν ὑμῖν τὴν ζωὴν τὴν αἰώνιον ἥτις ἦν πρὸς τὸν πατέρα
and we have proclaimed to you the life eternal which was towards the Father
καὶ ἐφανερώθη ἡμῖν –
and made real and known to us –
3 ὃ ἑωράκαμεν
that we have seen
καὶ ἀκηκόαμεν
and we heard
ἀπαγγέλλομεν καὶ ὑμῖν,
we have proclaimed and to you
ἵνα καὶ ὑμεῖς κοινωνίαν ἔχητε μεθ’ ἡμῶν.
so and you all have fellowship with us.

1 John 1:3b-7

καὶ ἡ κοινωνία δὲ ἡ ἡμετέρα μετὰ τοῦ πατρὸς
and the fellowship of ours with the Father
καὶ μετὰ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.
and with the son His Jesus Christ.

4 καὶ ταῦτα γράφομεν ἡμεῖς,
and all this write we,

ἵνα ἡ χαρὰ ἡμῶν ᾖ πεπληρωμένη.
so the joy of ours is made complete.

5 Καὶ ἔστιν αὕτη ἡ ἀγγελία ἣν ἀκηκόαμεν ἀπ’ αὐτοῦ
And it is this message that we heard from Him
καὶ ἀναγγέλλομεν ὑμῖν,
and we announce to you,
ὅτι ὁ θεὸς φῶς ἐστιν
since God light He is
καὶ σκοτία ἐν αὐτῷ οὐκ ἔστιν οὐδεμία.
and darkness in Him not is not at all.

6 ἐὰν εἴπωμεν ὅτι κοινωνίαν ἔχομεν μετ’ αὐτοῦ
If we say since we have fellowship with Him
καὶ ἐν τῷ σκότει περιπατῶμεν,
and in the darkness are walking
we are lying
καὶ οὐ ποιοῦμεν τὴν ἀλήθειαν·
and do not do what is true:
7 ἐὰν δὲ ἐν τῷ φωτὶ περιπατῶμεν ὡς αὐτός ἐστιν ἐν τῷ φωτί,
if But in the light we are walking as of Him is in the Light,
κοινωνίαν ἔχομεν μετ’ ἀλλήλων
we have fellowship with one another
καὶ τὸ αἷμα Ἰησοῦ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ καθαρίζει ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ πάσης ἁμαρτίας.
And the blood of Jesus the son of Him catherizes us from all sin.

1 John 1:8-10

8 ἐὰν εἴπωμεν ὅτι ἁμαρτίαν οὐκ ἔχομεν,
If we say that sin not we have,
ἑαυτοὺς πλανῶμεν
ourselves we are deceiving
καὶ ἡ ἀλήθεια οὐκ ἔστιν ἐν ἡμῖν.
and the truth not is in us.

9 ἐὰν ὁμολογῶμεν τὰς ἁμαρτίας ἡμῶν,
If we confess the sins of us,
πιστός ἐστιν καὶ δίκαιος
He is faithful and righteous,
ἵνα ἀφῇ ἡμῖν τὰς ἁμαρτίας
to forgive our sins
καὶ καθαρίσῃ ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ πάσης ἀδικίας.
And catherize us from all unrighteousness.

10 ἐὰν εἴπωμεν ὅτι οὐχ ἡμαρτήκαμεν,
If we say that not we have not sinned,
ψεύστην ποιοῦμεν αὐτὸν
we have lied have made to Him
καὶ ὁ λόγος αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἔστιν ἐν ἡμῖν.
and the word of Him not is in us.

Sadly, what you’re missing is the indents: I can’t figure out how to add those in WordPress. It helps even more to see which phrases stand on their own, and which phrases are supporting others.

And that’s really what Bible study is about, isn’t it? Learning how to support others as we stand with Christ. (Yes, I know that’s REALLY stretching the metaphor. <wink>)

I sure hope you’ll join us!

KFJ – Pastor Ed


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